December 7, 2022

Programming Management Methodologies

programming management methodologies

What are the programming management methodologies? This article discusses the meaning of the topic. As a result, you can have more knowledge about this study.

What is the Programming Management Methodologies?

There are many programming management methodologies, but the most common are waterfall, agile, and scrum. 

Waterfall Methodology

In the waterfall methodology, the process is into several phases. Each phase is by a transition (see Figure 1). The first phase is the requirements phase. 

In this phase, requirements are to define what the software should do. Requirements are functional and non-functional. Also, functional requirements define what the software should do while non-functional ones define how it should be done. 

An example of a functional requirement is “The system shall compute the annual salary of an employee based on his monthly salary.” An example of a non-functional requirement is “The system shall compute the annual salary of an employee in less than one second.”

The next phase is the analysis and design phase. In this phase, requirements are to define what the software must do. Requirements are then translated into a design that can be for programming. The design is into two parts: a functional design and a non-functional design. 

An example of a functional design is an Entity-Relationship Model (ERM). An example of a non-functional design is an algorithm that computes the annual salary of an employee based on his monthly salary. 

The next phase is the implementation phase. In this phase, the software is on the designs defined in the previous phases. Also, the last phase is the testing phase, which tests if the system meets the specified requirements. 

Agile Methodology

The Agile methodology is different in that it has a simple life cycle. This life cycle is into four phases (see Figure 2). The first phase is the initial project phase. In this phase, the client and the sponsor of the project are identified. Also, the project is defined and agreed upon. 

The second phase is the planning phase. The goal of this phase is to define what the software will do and how it will do it. 

The third phase is the development phase. In this phase, requirements are into working software by using agile development methods. In this case, the software is iteratively and incrementally based on a specific release plan. 

Finally, the last phase is the final project phase. 

Scrum Methodology

The Scrum methodology is different from the previous two methodologies in that it has a simple life cycle. This life cycle is also divided into four phases (see Figure 2). 

The first phase is the initial project phase. In this phase, the client and the sponsor of the project are identified. 

The second phase is the planning phase. The goal of this phase is to define what the software will do and how it will do it. 

The third phase is the development phase. In this phase, requirements are into working software by using Scrum development methods. In this case, the software is iteratively and incrementally based on a specific release plan. The last phase is the final project phase. 

Conclusion

This article discussed the programming management methodologies. Moreover, the waterfall methodology, agile methodology, and scrum methodology are the most common methodologies. 

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